Understanding Biopsychosocial Assessment and the Ways to Write one

Psychology is an exciting subject for students across the globe. While some students opt to pursue the subject in their higher education, some others try gathering general knowledge about the subject. If you are pursuing higher studies and have come across biopsychosocial assessments, it is necessary to understand the term and write such documents.

You might wonder how psychology is related to the term. If you read the name properly, you will find three aspects hidden in it, namely, Bio-biological, Psycho-psychology, and social. Dr. George Engel coined the term in the year 1977. It is a burning concept in the medical profession, and many doctors are asked to assess patients from all these aspects. So, if you are willing to pursue higher studies and aim to be a doctor, it is necessary to understand the term correctly.

The following sections will help you learn the concept, why and how it is used, along with the tips to write one.

What is Biopsychosocial Assessment?

There are a lot of things a doctor looks into when they assess a patient. Illness can be a result of various things. You might not understand the main reason behind your illness. Mental health professionals use biopsychosocial assessment as the primary way of assessing the patients. How will that help, you might wonder? You will see several individuals getting terrified with a mere headache and looking for some medical advice.

The present pandemic situation can be a great biopsychosocial assessment example. People are terrified of the way the virus has struck the world. Various medical professionals cited different symptoms of the disease. You will come across people getting terrified with a headache thinking they have already been affected.  The biopsychosocial assessment will help the professionals assess the condition and relieve the patient from the stress.

You might not accept that you are fine until you visit a doctor. The assessment will help the doctor understand the reasons behind such thinking. Then, they can provide the remedies accordingly and help you get over the situation.

Now that you understand what biopsychosocial assessment is, here are the tips for writing a flawless one to get the correct result.

How to Write a Biopsychosocial Assessment? Things to Include with Tips

You might have got an idea about biopsychosocial assessment by now. The new mental health professionals must know what must be included in the evaluation before working on the same. Here are the crucial elements to include in the assessment:

Fear is a state of mind. Many do not realize it. You might not acknowledge it, but your genes play a significant role in the process. So, when you are writing a biopsychosocial assessment, you must make a note of the person’s:

  • Genes
  • Age
  • Infections
  • Immune response
  • Environmental toxins
  • Physical traumas
  • Diet
  • Hormones
  • Sleep/exercise habits

These play a significant role in the overall assessment. Therefore, you must consider all these while writing one.

How you think or perceive a situation can be a significant factor. The mental health professionals take care to make a note of it and take into account these factors:

  • Personality
  • Psychological traumas
  • Stress
  • Coping skills
  • Suicidal ideation
  • Reaction to illness

If you want to know how to write a biopsychosocial assessment, you need to know the elements that must be included. Psychological factors play a major role, and you need to add these elements in the same.

Where you stay, what you earn, and your family background plays a significant role in your illness. Mental health professionals cannot determine your social status without asking a few questions. When you start your career, you must consider these points before framing the questions:

  • Family relationships
  • Social support
  • Marital status
  • Cultural influences
  • Spiritual or religious background
  • Hobbies and recreational activities

Once you know these elements, you can determine the social status and identify the factors bothering the patient.

To write a biopsychosocial assessment correctly, you need to know the correct structure and understand the various sections. Here is what you must include in the document:

  • Basic information
    • General description of the client
  • Client’s history and current functioning
    • Religious or spiritual beliefs
    • Current and past medical background
  • Your assessment and recommendations
    • Goals and recommendations

Following the structure will help you come up with accurate results and assess the patients well. When you write one such assessment, ensure to remember the following things:

  • Differentiate between objective facts and subjective impressions
  • Create a balance of information
  • Present information based on priority
  • Be accurate
  • Delete irrelevant details

The document is a crucial one for mental health professionals. You need to know the correct ways of writing one and follow the tips mentioned above. Your profession demands accuracy, and your assessment will determine the next steps the patient needs to follow. Hence, do not ignore the required information and make sure to ask all the essential questions. It will help you create a proper biopsychosocial assessment.

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